Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. It can cause mild to life-threatening illness in people of all ages, however, it is the single largest infectious cause of death in children worldwide. Read Also: Newborns Deaths: improving survival and well-being Pneumonia killed more than 808 …

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Poliomyelitis (polio)

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease that largely affects children under 5 years of age. The virus is transmitted by person-to-person spread mainly through the faecal-oral route or, less frequently, by a common vehicle (e.g. contaminated water or food) and multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and …

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Healthy diet

Key facts A healthy diet helps to protect against malnutrition in all its forms, as well as non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer. Unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity are leading global risks to health. Healthy dietary practices start early in life – breastfeeding fosters healthy growth and …

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Air pollution

Air pollution is the contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. Household combustion devices, motor vehicles, industrial facilities and forest fires are common sources of air pollution. Pollutants of major public health concern include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen …

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Ensuring Immune Protection in the Growing Years

Immunity: protection against infectious disease conferred either by the immune response generated by immunization or previous infection or by other non-immunologic factors hence, Immunity is protection. Growing years: 1st year to 12th year. But in the 1st year, growth occurs more than at any other time. Infection: Invasion and multiplication of microbes not normally present …

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Ensuring Infants Healthy Growth And Development Without Metabolic Stress Pt 2

PHYSIOLOGICAL LIMITATIONS Small stomach capacity Immature kidney function Lower digestive ability than adults Low HCL in stomach Low levels of digestive enzymes Low lipase and bile salts BREAST MILK COMPOSITION: Best Nutrition for Babies The role of protein in Paediatric Nutrition Protein is important for the growth and maintenance of our tissues and organs; however, …

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