DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 2

Initiation of Substance Use

Read DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 1

Range of Drug Use
Drug Dependency is a Complex, often Relapsing Medical Condition

Effects of Drugs

Depend on various factors:

  • Size, weight and health of a person
  • Whether the person is used to taking it (tolerance)
  • Whether other drugs are taken around the same time
    (poly drug use)
  • The amount taken
  • The strength of the drug (varies with illegally produced drugs)
  • How drug is used: smoked, injected, ingested
  • Environment and mood of users: reason for taking

Classifying Psychoactive Drugs

1. According to the effects on central nervous system (CNS)

  • Depressants: Slow down the CNS
  • Stimulants: Stimulate the CNS
  • Hallucinogens: Distort the CNS

2. According to their legal status

  • Over-the-counter with minimal restrictions
  • Restricted to medical prescription
  • Restricted by social policy
  • Completely illegal

3. According to their origin

  • Natural: Substances occurring naturally in plants or animals (cannabis)
  • Semi-synthetic: Substances based on naturally occurring materials but altered in some way during the manufacturing process (cocaine)
  • Synthetic: Substances completely manufactured or synthesized in the laboratory (amphetamine-type substances)

Depressants

Sedative hypnotics

1. Alcohol

2. Benzodiazepines
(minor tranquillizers such as diazepam)

3. Barbiturates 
(produce sedative-like effect such as pentobarbital)

4. Non-barbiturates
(such as methaqualone

Depressants

Opiate/Narcotic analgesics
(natural and synthetic)

  • Opium 
  • Codeine
  • Heroin
  • Morphine
  • Pethidine
  • Dextropropoxyphene (Doloxene)            
  • Methadone

Depressant: Heroin

  • Narcotic analgesic (painkiller) produced from opium poppy
  • Common names for heroin in Nigeria: Gabji, Market
  • Generally three forms: White powder; tan-coloured granular form; heroin base made from morphine or codeine
  • Duration effect: Three to six hours
  • Routes of administration: Injected, smoked, snorted, mixed with cannabis/tobacco and smoked
  • Not all people who try heroin become dependent

Depressant: Cannabis

  • Cannabis from the plant cannabis sativa
  • Psychoactive ingredient: Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which produces the ‘high’
  • Cannabis in three forms: marijuana, hashish and hash oil
  • Commonly smoked, eaten or sometimes in Nigeria used in tea as tea leaves
  • One in 10 users can become dependent

Common names in Nigeria: Weewee, Igbo, Weed, Marijuana, Mary and Joan, Choko, Yoyo, Kush, Skunk, Green Leaf, Ghanja, Grass, Hemp, Blaze, Taba, Ndedeko, Bendel Market and Genye

Read DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 3

By Olusesan Samuel-Kayode

Thank you for reading, bear your mind out on the comment section or ask your question(s) in the comment box on drug abuse. Kindly share this post link with your friends and on your social media handles.  

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

× How can I help you?