DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 3

Read DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 1

Read DRUG ABUSE: A MENACE BEYOND ILLICIT DRUGS Pt 2

Stimulant: Cocaine

  • Cocaine drugs made from the leaves
    of the coca plant
  • Main forms: powder; an extract that
    look like crystals or rocks (freebase cocaine); crystal (crack cocaine)
  • Commonly snorted but can be injected, rubbed into the gums, added to drinks or food. Sometimes smoked with cannabis
  • Not all people who use cocaine are dependent
  • Common names for cocaine in Nigeria: Coke, Powder, Thailand White, Brown/Black, Off White, Charlie

Side Effects: Cocaine

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

  • Happiness and confidence
  • Talking more
  • Feeling energetic and alert
  • Feeling physically strong and mentally sharp
  • Reduced appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Enlarged (dilated) pupils
  • Faster heartbeat and breathing
  • Higher body temperature
  • Increased sex drive
  • Unpredictable, violent or aggressive behavior
  • Delusions

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Insomnia and exhaustion
  • Nasal, sinus problems, nose bleeds
  • Anxiety, paranoia, psychosis, depression
  • Eating disorders and weight loss
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Heart damage
  • Lung problems
  • Kidney failure
  • Increased risk of strokes and seizures
  • Withdrawal symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms:
Craving cocaine badly; feeling angry or upset; feeling sick; vomiting; shaking; tiredness. Worse in first few days

Simulant: Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS)

  • ATS: synthetic-made drugs
  • Different forms: Powder, crystal, liquid, tablet
  • Administration: Injected, snorted, smoked, swallowed
  • Common names for ATS: Players; Boys; Nuts
  • Methamphetamine: generally stronger, more addictive and more harmful than amphetamine
  • Duration of effect: can last six hours.

Side Effects: ATS

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

  • Euphoria
  • High levels of energy
  • Excitement
  • Increased heart rate
  • Anxiety and paranoia
  • Increased confidence and talkativeness
  • Reduced appetite
  • Excessive sweating
  • Increased sex drive
  • Jaw clenching and teeth grinding
  • Feeling powerful or better than others
  • Becoming hostile or aggressive

LONG-TERM EFFECTS

  • Reduced appetite and extreme weight loss
  • Restless sleep
  • Dry mouth and dental problems
  • Regular colds and flu
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Anxiety, paranoia, psychosis
  • Depression
  • Heart and kidney problems
  • Increased risk of stroke
  • Needing to use more to get the same effect
  • High dependence can occur

Some withdrawal symptoms: Cravings for the drug; increased appetite; confusion and irritability; aches and pains; exhaustion; restless sleep and nightmares; and anxiety, depression and paranoia. Withdrawal fades in a week, clear in a month

Volatile Substances: Primarily Depressants and Hallucinogens

  • Volatile substances sometimes known as inhalants and solvents
  • Found in household, industrial and medical products: Glue, paint, petrol, aerosols, cleaning fluid, gases that produce vapours
  • Mode of use: Inhalation/sniffing
  • Effect: Few seconds and last five to 45 minutes
  • Regular use can result in dependence
  • Common names: Shaba; Dogua; Helicopter; Sholisho

Side Effects: Volatile Substances

By Olusesan Samuel-Kayode

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